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髙木 利一 - 長崎大学 博士(医学) - LCMVの新規2株における致死性および組織中のウイルスゲノム量の相違

  1. 長崎大学 (6493)
  2. 博士(医学) (5120)
  3. 髙木 利一

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書誌事項

タイトル

Difference of Two New LCMV Strains in Lethality and Viral Genome Load in Tissues

タイトル別名

LCMVの新規2株における致死性および組織中のウイルスゲノム量の相違

著者名

髙木 利一

学位授与大学

長崎大学

取得学位

博士(医学)

学位授与番号

甲医歯薬第942号

学位授与年月日

2017-03-08

注記・抄録

More than 30 strains of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) have been isolated from mice, hamsters and humans in the United States, Europe and Japan. Experimentally infected mice exhibit different clinical signs and lethality depending on a combination of LCMV epitope peptides and host major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. This study examined the pathogenicity, clinical signs and lethality, of two new LCMV strains (BRC and OQ28) using three inbred mouse strains with different genetic backgrounds having different H-2D haplotypes. Strain OQ28 (OQ28) infected mice exhibited clinical signs and lethality, whereas strain BRC (BRC) infected mice showed no clinical signs of infection. The viral genome load in tissues of C57BL/6 mice infected with two strains was determined using one-step real time RT-PCR. In C57BL/6 mice, higher levels of OQ28 viral genome load were detected in all tissues rather than were present in BRC infected mice. The viral genome load in lungs of both virus strains remained higher levels than in other tissues at 28 days post infection. Comparing sequences of the three LCMV epitope peptide regions revealed one non-conservative amino acid substitution codon in OQ28 and two amino acid differences in BRC. These results suggest that the varied pathogenicity and viral genome load of LCMV strains are not based only on differences in the host MHC class I molecule.

開始ページ : 199

終了ページ : 208

元資料の権利情報 : ©2017 Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science

More than 30 strains of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) have been isolated from mice, hamsters and humans in the United States, Europe and Japan. Experimentally infected mice exhibit different clinical signs and lethality depending on a combination of LCMV epitope peptides and host major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. This study examined the pathogenicity, clinical signs and lethality, of two new LCMV strains (BRC and OQ28) using three inbred mouse strains with different genetic backgrounds having different H-2D haplotypes. Strain OQ28 (OQ28) infected mice exhibited clinical signs and lethality, whereas strain BRC (BRC) infected mice showed no clinical signs of infection. The viral genome load in tissues of C57BL/6 mice infected with two strains was determined using one-step real time RT-PCR. In C57BL/6 mice, higher levels of OQ28 viral genome load were detected in all tissues rather than were present in BRC infected mice. The viral genome load in lungs of both virus strains remained higher levels than in other tissues at 28 days post infection. Comparing sequences of the three LCMV epitope peptide regions revealed one non-conservative amino acid substitution codon in OQ28 and two amino acid differences in BRC. These results suggest that the varied

pathogenicity and viral genome load of LCMV strains are not based only on differences in the host MHC class I molecule.

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髙木 利一 - 長崎大学 博士(医学) - LCMVの新規2株における致死性および組織中のウイルスゲノム量の相違 - 博士論文 - プレビュー画像

各種コード

NII論文ID(NAID)
500001037138
NII著者ID(NRID)
  • 8000001121799
DOI(出版社)
10.1538/expanim.16-0097
DOI
本文言語コード
  • eng
大学ID

0073

CAT機関ID

KI000877

データ提供元
  • 機関リポジトリ
  • NDLデジタルコレクション

キーワード

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